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Political envrionment to post-2

Political envrionment to post-2 - Political Environment...

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Unformatted text preview: Political Environment Type of Government Autocracy Democracy Type of Government Autocracy Democracy Belarus: republic in name, although in fact a dictatorship Type of Government Belarus: Since his election in July 1994 as the country's first president, Alexander LUKASHENKO has steadily consolidated his power through authoritarian means. Government restrictions on freedom of speech and the press, peaceful assembly, and religion remain in place. Polity Index of Democracy-5-10 5 10 Democracy Autocracy Anocracy Belarus-7 Polity 5 10 Democracy Anocracy Polity Score Freedom House Rankings Ratings • Free • Partly Free • Not Free Assesses freedom according to two criteria: Posted on BlackBoard • Political Rights • Civil Liberties Freedom House Rankings • Civil Liberties – Freedom of Expression & Belief – Rule of Law – Personal Automony & Rights – Association and Organizational Rights Assesses freedom according to two criteria: • Political Rights • Electoral Process • Political Participation • Functioning of Government Country Political Rights Civil Liberties Rating Australia 1 1 Free Colombia 3 4 Partly Free Belarus 7 6 Not Free Separation of government entities Example: Hong Kong court case Executive Legislative Judicial Executive Legislative Judicial Belarus: Executive Branch • New constitution in 1994 • President Lukashenko elected to 5-year term by popular vote • Constitution revised in 1996 to increase presidential powers • Altered again in 2001 to remove term limits • Prime Minister and Deputy Prime Minister appointed by President • Last election (2006) marred by election fraud Executive Legislative Judicial Belarus: Legislative Branch • Last elections: Sept 2008 • Pro-LUKASHENKO candidates won every seat • International observers declared that elections fell short of democratic standards Executive Legislative Judicial Belarus: Judicial Branch • Judges appointed by President Other interesting information: Belarus • Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission:...
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Political envrionment to post-2 - Political Environment...

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