chapter 12_Cardiovascular Disease and Cancer

chapter 12_Cardiovascular Disease and Cancer -...

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Cardiovascular Chapter 12 November 11, 2011
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2 Cardiovascular Disease (CVD): An Epidemiological Overview Used to describe diseases of the heart and blood vessels Leading cause of death in the U.S. Claims one life every 35 seconds Lifetime risk of CVD at 40 years of age 2 in 3 for men 1 in 2 for women CVD is due to our way of life
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3 Types of Cardiovascular Disease Atherosclerosis Atherosclerosis - - narrowed by fatty deposits/plaque buildup. Starts during childhood fat. Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) 1 in 5 deaths 1 in 5 deaths Heart Attack (myocardial infarction – MI) Heart Attack (myocardial infarction – MI) Congenital and Rheumatic Heart Disease Congenital and Rheumatic Heart Disease Congenital heart disease present at birth Congenital heart disease present at birth Rheumatic Heart Disease (strep throat) Rheumatic Heart Disease (strep throat) Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Heart muscle injured ; Pooling of blood enlarges heart Heart muscle injured ; Pooling of blood enlarges heart
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4 Types of Cardiovascular Disease Stroke (Cerebrovascular Accident - CVD) Stroke (Cerebrovascular Accident - CVD) Blood supply to brain is interrupted Blood supply to brain is interrupted Aneurysm Aneurysm TIAs (transient ischemic attacks) TIAs (transient ischemic attacks) Angina Pectoris ( Angina Pectoris (Chest Pain) (not a heart attack) narrowed by disease, but under stress heart can not receive enough
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This note was uploaded on 11/16/2011 for the course HHPL 101 taught by Professor Long-white during the Fall '11 term at Howard.

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chapter 12_Cardiovascular Disease and Cancer -...

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