HST 111 Day 1 - HST 111 LA Going to the Source Chapter 1 14:18:00 1 Chapter 1= Monsters and Marvels Ralegh publishes narrative of his voyage “

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Unformatted text preview: HST 111- LA: Going to the Source: Chapter 1 27/08/2008 14:18:00 1. Chapter 1= Monsters and Marvels Ralegh publishes narrative of his voyage, “ The Discoverie of the Large, Rich, and beautiful Empire of Guiana” Book consisted of tribes, animals, places of his voyage through South America Book was more of a tale than a true non-fiction book of what he had seen Ralegh’s mental world was the revival of classical learning in the late Medieval Europe Reason for transformation was the recovery, translation, and publication of ancient Greek and Roman texts on geography, biology, and philosophy 1477, Ptolemy, a Greek geographer, inspired Columbus’ voyage Pliny the Elders,” Natural History” provides most complete encyclopedia of worlds plants and animal life Sir John Manderville (who probably didn’t exist) fabricated travels, but helped Europe’s perspective on New World become more clear A. Using the Source: Images of Animals • Printing press • Latin converted to other languages encouraged literacy • Book illustrations: woodcuts and engravings o What can Images of Animals tell us? De Bry published the Discovery Rende (1590) Rendered Ralegh’s vision of the New World visually Disadvantages= not completely accurate or known 1) French geographer Andre Thevet (1575) wrote “Cosmographic Universelle” • Succarath o He explored Canada, Mexico, and Florida o Inhabits banks and rivers, oddly built carries young on back • Hoga (Manatee) o Aquatic mammal found in Mexico o Has many teeth, ferocious, kills other fish, changes color • Whale o Found on coast of Canada and Newfoundland o Breastfeeds, beast to sailors, HUGE! 2) Theodore De Bry(1590-1634) wrote “Historian Americae” • Alligator o Found in Florida o Mean • Llama o Found in Peru, South America o Used for wool o Used for transporting goods on their backs, but stubborn • Birds and Fish of New England o De Bry died in 1598, grandson finished work o Birds swoop in for fish o Caught fish, hunted birds o Used skin (feathers) 3) John Lawson, English, (1709) “A new Voyage to Carolina”, insects, reptiles, and mammals of North America • The Buffalo o Wild beast o Eat buffalo’s meat and cut skins (1600-2400 LBS) • The Possum o Found only in the America’s o Moved by swinging tail side to side o Stupid o Hard to kill (didn’t die easily) • Rattlesnake o Hypnotic powers to charm pretty o Cast its skin 4) Herman Moll, German geographer (1715) did an illustration for a man of British North America • The Beaver o Found in North America o Used for Beaver Fur 5) John Gabriel Stedman, Scottish, “ narrative of a 5 years Expedition...
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This note was uploaded on 11/15/2011 for the course HST 111 taught by Professor Connerarmitage during the Fall '09 term at Miami University.

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HST 111 Day 1 - HST 111 LA Going to the Source Chapter 1 14:18:00 1 Chapter 1= Monsters and Marvels Ralegh publishes narrative of his voyage “

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