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HST 111- LA: Going to the Source: Chapter 127/08/2008 14:18:001.Chapter 1= Monsters and MarvelsRalegh publishes narrative of his voyage, “ The Discoverie of the Large, Rich, and beautiful Empire of Guiana”Book consisted of tribes, animals, places of his voyage through South AmericaBook was more of a tale than a true non-fiction book of what he had seenRalegh’s mental world was the revival of classical learning in the late Medieval EuropeReason for transformation was the recovery, translation, and publication of ancient Greek and Roman texts on geography, biology, and philosophy 1477, Ptolemy, a Greek geographer, inspired Columbus’ voyagePliny the Elders,” Natural History” provides most complete encyclopedia of worlds plants and animal lifeSir John Manderville (who probably didn’t exist) fabricated travels, but helped Europe’s perspective on New World become more clearA.Using the Source: Images of Animals•Printing press•Latin converted to other languages encouraged literacy•Book illustrations: woodcuts and engravingsoWhat can Images of Animals tell us?De Bry published the Discovery Rende (1590)Rendered Ralegh’s vision of the New World visuallyDisadvantages= not completely accurate or known1)French geographer Andre Thevet (1575) wrote “Cosmographic Universelle” •SuccarathoHe explored Canada, Mexico, and Florida oInhabits banks and rivers, oddly built carries young on back•Hoga (Manatee)
oAquatic mammal found in MexicooHas many teeth, ferocious, kills other fish, changes color•WhaleoFound on coast of Canada and NewfoundlandoBreastfeeds, beast to sailors, HUGE!2)Theodore De Bry(1590-1634) wrote “Historian Americae”•AlligatoroFound in FloridaoMean•LlamaoFound in Peru, South AmericaoUsed for wooloUsed for transporting goods on their backs, but stubborn•Birds and Fish of New EnglandoDe Bry died in 1598, grandson finished workoBirds swoop in for fishoCaught fish, hunted birdsoUsed skin (feathers)3)John Lawson, English, (1709) “A new Voyage to Carolina”, insects, reptiles, and mammals of North America•The BuffalooWild beastoEat buffalo’s meat and cut skins (1600-2400 LBS)•The PossumoFound only in the America’s
oMoved by swinging tail side to sideoStupidoHard to kill (didn’t die easily)•RattlesnakeoHypnotic powers to charm prettyoCast its skin4)Herman Moll, German geographer (1715) did an illustration for a man of British North America•The BeaveroFound in North America oUsed for Beaver Fur5)John Gabriel Stedman, Scottish, “ narrative of a 5 years Expedition against the Revolted Nergoes of Surinam”•The VampireoSeen in Surinam, South AmericaoSucks blood out of humans and cattle•The Aboma Snake( Anaconda)oSeen in Surinam, South AmericaoLots of oil, skin, dies very slowly•Ralegh wrote “ The History of the World (1616)Expedition to pursuit Spanish plundered= unsuccessful= his death for treason
HST 111 Day 1 Lecture (08/27/08)27/08/2008 14:18:00