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Female labor force participation--social and political consequences: Definition: Women face greater disadvantages politically and socially in the work force. DON”T THEY GAIN ADVANTAGES AFTER BEING IN WORK FORCE??? When women join the formal labor force, 1) there is a rise in school enrollment and literacy of girls, drop in fertility, rise in reproductive health, female influence within the family, and a greater sense of female identity. Significance: Development has more consequence for women and there are special gains from empowering women. Cite/Example: Professor Ross’s Lecture 9 “Women and Development”. Example: Bangladeshi women. Women’s autonomy measure: 1) Permission to purchase: cooking oil, coconut oil, ice cream. 2) They also have some say in decisions: at the daily market, to purchase betel nut, to purchase children’s clothes, to purchase clothing for themselves. Female labor force participation--role of export-oriented manufacturing: Definition: Export-oriented manufacturing especially in light manufacturing (i.e.
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Unformatted text preview: factories) increases opportunities for female labor force participation due to several reasons. These industries do not need workers with great physical strength and the jobs require little training and specialization. Also, lower female wages relative to male wages make women targets for recruitment. Significance: The failure of women’s participation in the nonagricultural labor force leads to higher fertility rates, less education for girls, and less female influence within the family. Also, through working in factories, women are able to exchange information and find ways to organize themselves (overcoming cooperation problems). Entry of women in the formal sector also tends to boost their political influence. Women earn more in export-manufacturing compared to domestic production factories. Cite/Example: Ross, “Oil, Islam, and Women;” example: 1970’s South Korea - women working in factories....
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