Oil and conflict--recent trends: Definition: Oil’s impact on the state: 1) “Weakens” the state. 2) Creates a national “honeypot”--meaning that these nations are ones to be raided by all actors, foreign and domestic, regardless of the long-term consequences produced by collective rent-seeking. 3) Induces foreign interventions. Oil’s impact on rebel organizations: 1) Support for secession. 2) Target for rebel extortion. Recent trends: countries with more total ongoing armed conflicts are currently more NON oil-producing nations (slide 7 Lecture 15), but the countries with oil are on the rise. Significance: Oil in recent trends have led to more secessions and greater extortion. Cite/Source: Professor Ross’s Lecture 15 “Resource Curse II” Example: In 1997, U . S . government imposed a trade embargo against Sudan and a total asset freeze against the Government of Sudan. The U.S. believed the Government of Sudan gave support to international terrorism. A consequence of the embargo is that U.S. corporations cannot invest in the Sudan oil
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