cell_cycle

cell_cycle - Chapter 12 The Cell Cycle Rudolf Virchow-1855...

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Chapter 12 The Cell Cycle
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Rudolf Virchow-1855 Omnis cellula e cellula Every cell from a cell. In this chapter we will learn how cells reproduce to form genetically equivalent daughter cells.
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Roles of Cell Division Reproduction Growth Repair In all cases, cell division must distribute identical genetic material to two daughter cells.
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Cell Division
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Introductory Vocab Genome: all of a cell’s genetic information Somatic cell: body cell Gamete: reproductive cell (sperm or egg cell) Chromosome: single DNA molecule Chromatin: DNA-protein complex
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DNA Coiling Why does DNA coil anyway? DNA Coiling Animation: http:// www.biostudio.com
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Introductory Vocab Sister Chromatids: replicated strands of a chromosome (identical) Centromere: narrowing “waist” of sister chromatids Mitosis: nuclear division resulting in 2 identical nuclei Cytokinesis: cytoplasm division
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The Cell Cycle Interphase (90% of cycle) G1 phase ~ growth G1 phase ~ growth S phase ~ synthesis of S phase ~ synthesis of DNA DNA G2 phase ~ preparation G2 phase ~ preparation for cell division for cell division Mitotic phase Mitosis Mitosis Cytokinesis Cytokinesis
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This note was uploaded on 11/16/2011 for the course BIO 101 taught by Professor Martin during the Fall '08 term at Rutgers.

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cell_cycle - Chapter 12 The Cell Cycle Rudolf Virchow-1855...

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