Medical Sociology Chapter 1&2 Book Notes

Medical Sociology Chapter 1&2 Book Notes - Chapter...

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Chapter 1- Medical Sociology THE RE-EMERGENCE OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES (p13) >> Some previously unknown and deadly viruses such as HIV, Ebola, Marburg, and Lassa fever had emerged from areas of tropical rain and the savannas. >> Other epidemics are the result of old diseases resurfacing, such as cholera, yellow fever, polio, and diphtheria. >> Potential spread of infectious diseases has been enhanced in today’s world by modern transportation systems : Air travel in particular. >> Ex: Marburg virus (airborne and less potent relative of the Ebola virus): Name after university town in Germany, where is was first identified. The virus spread to humans from a shipment of laboratory monkeys from Uganda. >> Ex: Ebola virus, 2 shipments of monkeys were sent from the Philippines to a laboratory in Reston, Virginia, arrived with Ebola virus. A team of medical scientists and Army personnel contained the virus in the lab before it was spread to humans. The first shipment of monkeys were all killed by lethal injection by a team dressed in space suits. The 2 nd was allowed to die simply of disease. There were four caretakers that tested positive for the virus, but everything turned out to be fine since the virus cleared. >> Ex: Recently (2005), three lab rats with a deadly plague were missing from separate cages in a bioterrorism research lab at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey. The mice simply disappeared and it still remains unknown what happened to them. >> West Nile Virus: Discovered in Uganda. It killed birds, but can’t kill humans. It’s a virus of birds; mosquito bites the birds and then bites humans. However, something happened in the Middle East (probably a genetic mutation) that caused it to kill humans. The first sign of it was sick and dying birds at the Bronx Zoo, New York City. Virus abruptly disappears with cold weather and no one knows why. By years, the number of deaths in the U.S. from this virus has decreased and no one knows why. Symtoms: In most humans, the disease feels like a mild headache. In the young, elderly, and
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Medical Sociology Chapter 1&2 Book Notes - Chapter...

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