Medical Sociology Chapter 13 Book Notes

Medical Sociology - Sociology Chapter 13 Nurses Physician Assistants Pharmacists and Midwives Introduction o Other than a few consulting

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Sociology Chapter 13 – Nurses, Physician Assistants, Pharmacists, and Midwives - Introduction o Other than a few consulting professions such as clinical psychology, the occupations performing tasks of patient care are organized around the work of the physician. - Nursing: Past And Present o Nursing represents the largest single group of health workers in the United States o The primary task of licensed practical nurses is the bedside care of patients. o The registered nurse has the most advanced training and professional qualifications of any of the nursing workers. Use to be a male dominated profession in the past. Matched occupationally with a physician. - The Early Development of Nursing as an Occupation o In the English language, the word nurse carries with it a connotation of the mother’s relationship to her child. o Following the rise of Christianity in the Western world, the practice of nursing as a formal occupation was significantly influenced by the presence of large numbers of nuns who performed nursing services. The primary focus of nursing at that time was in spiritual considerations. Nuns at that time were able to refuse to treat certain categories of patients, such as unwed mothers or persons with venereal disease. o Secular nurses working in public hospitals were characterized as “women off the streets” or “of bad character” They were viewed as little or no better than the low class of patients they treated o Well into the nineteenth century, nursing was not an occupation held in high regard by the general public. - Florence Nightingale o Nightingale was an English Protestant from a respectable middle-class family o Nightingale wanted to make nursing an honorable profession through a formal training program with recruits from upper and middle class social backgrounds Sociology Chapter 13 – Nurses, Physician Assistants, Pharmacists, and Midwives Nightingale’s hospital was not entirely successful because of the role conflict between the duties of the nurse and the prevailing standards of proper
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This note was uploaded on 11/16/2011 for the course SOC 210 taught by Professor Hanssell during the Fall '10 term at Rutgers.

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Medical Sociology - Sociology Chapter 13 Nurses Physician Assistants Pharmacists and Midwives Introduction o Other than a few consulting

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