Constructivism and Teaching Methods

Constructivism and Teaching Methods - Paper #3 Alex Fafara...

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Paper #3 Alex Fafara Constructivism and Teaching Methods Teaching has been present in society for many decades, even centuries, and at this point, it seems that certain teaching methods have been accepted as the “best,” or at least the most used. However, because students of all ages learn differently and at different speeds, it is best that more than one method be used. The change from primarily textbook lectures, to working in groups, to interactive lesson quizzes could make all the difference in how some students can learn. But perhaps an overlooked reason for the speed or quality of a student’s learning is the prior knowledge that they already have. A learning theory, called Constructivism, where Jean Piaget states that individuals learn through processes called assimilation and accommodation. Assimilation is a process where individuals take new information and integrate it into an already existing frame of mind, while accommodation changes an individual’s outlook on a topic to fit new information. The articles written by Eleanor Duckworth, Deborah Meier, and E. D. Hirsch will help me to explain why methods of teaching, as well as background knowledge, are important in learning. Meier states, “Lots of people want parents and teachers to be more like they were in the good old days… More demanding, tougher, and more dedicated teachers might restore the high standards… Let the students face the consequences” (Meier, 1992, p.502). These people feel that if the teachers and parents worked the students harder, they would learn “better.” But so many new things are available now that were not available in “the good old days,” that teaching in the same way is not going to happen, even if mimicked perfectly. New technologies such as the Internet, cell phones, and iPods
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This note was uploaded on 11/16/2011 for the course EDUCATION 200 taught by Professor Jenniferdelnero during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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Constructivism and Teaching Methods - Paper #3 Alex Fafara...

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