psy of personality notes 9-1

psy of personality notes 9-1 - RESEARCH METHODS I: Clues to...

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Unformatted text preview: RESEARCH METHODS I: Clues to Personality 15:03 DATA Need to be interpreted Data are clues to personality.-not facts, but are pieces of information Four types/sources of data SELF-JUDGMENTS (S DATA) Asking in3dividuals directly Can be closed- or open- ended E.g., I am outgoing. (T / F) E.g., What are your goals? 1 SELF-JUDGMENTS (S DATA) Advantages (ask individual directly about themselves) — Large amounts of information — Access to Unique Information that no one else can know, unless you tell them. — Studying aspects of personality based on self-view The way that a persons feels about themselves. — Causal Force 3 — Simple and Easy SELF-JUDGMENTS (S DATA) Disadvantages — Wont tell you about themselves. — Cant tell you ex. Are you an asshole? Do people really have that insight in their personality? But sometimes they really dont. -sometimes may not remember in all honesty. — Too simple and easy INFORMANT JUDGMENTS (I DATA) Ask someone who knows the individual well 2 INFORMANT JUDGMENTS (I DATA) Advantages — Large amount of information (best friend, Mother/father)-asking information from a friend. What makes your best friend angry?, What is his/her favorite color. Etc. — Real-World Basis-informant your asking has been in real life situations with you. Better knowledge of you in real life situations rather then in more artificial settings. — Common Sense-Can run conclusions about your personality.-people around you will interpret your first impression as a bad, unlike the person who really knows you and that this is not normally their personality. — Studying aspects of personality based on others views-Are you charming? Depending on how other people view you.-are you nice? I would argue. Niceness is a quality depend on how other people view you. — Causal Force INFORMANT JUDGMENTS (I DATA) Disadvantages (persons opinion) — Limited behavioral information -Is not with you everywhere you go. Does not have access to ever piece of information about you.-may see one side, and no complete side oh what type of person you are. — No access to private experiences-has not been around you enough, to see a side of you. (how you act when your drunk, when your angry, etc) — Error -more innocent mistake, things that we remember about people, are influenced by social cognitive factors. -to remember extremely unusual types of behavior about their associates. — Bias-prejudice about a persons ethnic background. Stereotypes made about a peson-prejudice about a persons ethnic background....
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This note was uploaded on 11/17/2011 for the course PSY 321 taught by Professor Simms during the Fall '11 term at SUNY Buffalo.

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psy of personality notes 9-1 - RESEARCH METHODS I: Clues to...

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