Psych 100 Chapter 5 Outline - CHAPTER 5 1 The Contents of...

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CHAPTER 5 1. The Contents of Consciousness a.i. Consciousness – ambiguous term, can be used to refer to a general state of mind or to its specific contents b. Awareness and Consciousness b.i.1. Wundt and Titchener used introspection to explore the contents of information that are unconscious – not readily accessible to the conscious awareness. b.ii. Non-conscious Processes b.ii.1. -> bodily activities that rarely impinge on consciousness b.ii.2. e.g. – regulation of blood pressure: your nervous system monitors physiological information to detect and act on changes continually without your awareness. b.ii.3. Sometimes, ordinary non-conscious activities can be made conscious for example, you can choose to exercise conscious control over breathing b.iii. Preconscious Memories b.iii.1. -> memories accessible to consciousness only after something calls your attention to them b.iii.2. They function silently in the background of your mind until a situation arises in which they are consciously necessary. b.iv. Unattended Information b.iv.1. You are always surrounded by a vast amount of stimulation, and you can focus your attention only on a small part of it b.iv.1.a. What you focus on in combination with memories it evokes, will determine what is in consciousness b.iv.2. Donald Broadbent’s hypothesis b.iv.2.a. The mind has only limited capacity to carry out complete processing. b.iv.2.b. People’s processing of unattended stimuli falls short of the point at which they could identify those stimuli. b.iv.3. Cocktail Party Phenomena b.iv.3.a. People often report that they hear their name being mentioned in a noisy room, even when they are engaged in own convo. b.v. The Unconscious b.v.1. You typically recognize the existence of unconscious information when you cannot explain some behavior by virtue of forces that were conscious at the time of behavior b.v.2. Unconscious – information and processes that are more benign than the types of thoughts Freud suggested must be repressed c. Studying the Contents of Consciousness c.i.1. Think-aloud protocols
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CHAPTER 5 c.i.1.a. They report, in as much detail as possible, the sequence of thoughts they experience while they complete the tasks.
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