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amhfinalstudy - African Americans The Emancipation...

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African Americans The Emancipation Proclamation only freed slaves in states taking part in the rebellion he 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Regiment was the first black regiment recruited in the North. Col. Robert Gould Shaw, who led the regiment, was killed in a Union attack of Fort Wagner. The Confederates stripped his body and threw him into a mass grave, along with the bodies of the African American soldiers who had been killed. When Gould's father, a wealthy Massachusetts abolitionists, found out how his son had been buried, he said: "the poor benighted wretches thought they were heaping indignities upon his dead body; but the act recoils upon them . .. We can imagine no holier place than in which he is." Sgt. William H. Carney, of the 54th Massachusetts, became the first black man to win the Congressional Medal of Honor. Lincoln himself noted that the Union forces might have had to negotiate a peace with the Confederacy if the black soldiers had not taken part in the war effort. Conditions for African American soldiers were poor. Until 1864, they were paid less than their white colleagues. Chinese Americans Many Chinese immigrants traveled to America to escape the British Opium wars. During the Civil War years, many Chinese Americans were working in mines, building railroads or laboring on farms. German Americans German Americans played a significant role in the Civil War. Many German Americans, especially those with liberal political views, abhorred the institution of slavery Early in 1861, newly-arrived German immigrants were one of the largest groups to form volunteer units. Many of these troops and officers had obtained fighting experience in Europe. Two of the most prominent people organizing these troops were Louis Blenker and Julius Stahel. Blenker had led troops in the German revolution of 1848, while Stahel had fought in the unsuccessful bid for Hungarian independence from Germany. The two men recruited troops for the 1st German Rifles (8th New York regiment). Blenker led a German brigade at the First Battle of Bull Run in 1861. By October of 1861, the War Department organized several German regiments into "Blenker's Division." As with Irish Americans, the patriotic participation of German Americans helped ease their acceptance into mainstream culture. Irish Americans During the Civil War, the number and fervor of Irish Americans fighting for the Union helped ease their acceptance into American society. The issue of national unity was what inspired the Irish American community, rather than any widespread concern over slavery. rish units fought to declare their American patriotism, while proudly proclaimed their Irish roots and displaying slogans and items to that effect. The "Irish Brigade," a collection of New York, Massachusetts and Pennsylvania regiments, was the most famous of these "Fighting Irish." After the Emancipation Proclamation of 1863, however, the Civil War was increasingly perceived as a war against slavery, rather than a war for the Union. This made it
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amhfinalstudy - African Americans The Emancipation...

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