McKunevLile - DAVIDR.McKUNE,WARDEN,etal,PETITIONERS...

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DAVID R. McKUNE, WARDEN, et al., PETITIONERS  v.  ROBERT G. LILE ON WRIT OF CERTIORARI TO THE UNITED STATES COURT OF  APPEALS FOR THE TENTH CIRCUIT [June 10, 2002]     Justice Kennedy announced the judgment of the Court and delivered an  opinion, in which The Chief Justice, Justice Scalia, and Justice Thomas join.     Respondent Robert G. Lile is a convicted sex offender in the  custody of the Kansas Department of Corrections (Department). A  few years before respondent was scheduled to reenter society,  Department officials recommended that he enter a prison treatment  program so that he would not rape again upon release. While there  appears to be some difference of opinion among experts in the field,  Kansas officials and officials who administer the United States prison  system have made the determination that it is of considerable  importance for the program participant to admit having committed the  crime for which he is being treated and other past offenses. The first  and in many ways most crucial step in the Kansas rehabilitation  program thus requires the participant to confront his past crimes so  that he can begin to understand his own motivations and  weaknesses. As this initial step can be a most difficult one, Kansas  offers sex offenders incentives to participate in the program.     Respondent contends this incentive system violates his  Fifth   Amendment  privilege against self-incrimination. Kansas’ rehabilitation  program, however, serves a vital penological purpose, and offering  inmates minimal incentives to participate does not amount to  compelled self-incrimination prohibited by the  Fifth Amendment . I     In 1982, respondent lured a high school student into his car as she  was returning home from school. At gunpoint, respondent forced the  victim to perform oral sodomy on him and then drove to a field where  he raped her. After the sexual assault, the victim went to her school,  where, crying and upset, she reported the crime. The police arrested  respondent and recovered on his person the weapon he used to  facilitate the crime.  State  v.  Lile,  237 Kan. 210, 211—212, 699 P.2d 
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456, 457—458 (1985). Although respondent maintained that the  sexual intercourse was consensual, a jury convicted him of rape,  aggravated sodomy, and aggravated kidnaping. Both the Kansas  Supreme Court and a Federal District Court concluded that the  evidence was sufficient to sustain respondent’s conviction on all  charges. See  id.,  at 211, 699 P.2d at 458; 45 F. Supp. 2d 1157, 1161  (Kan. 1999).
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