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Unformatted text preview: 11-24-10CJ 471Jails are a mix of people convicted of crimes and pretrial detainees who are awaiting processing of their casesoUnder our system, these pretrial detainees are presumed innocentoLocked up with convicted offendersoOffenders are also dividedLargely those who are serving for lesser offensesA year or lessTypically, more than a year = prisonThose who have committed a very serious crime and are awaiting transfer to prisonSome jails with excess space will rent out spaces to federal prisons because prisons are overcrowded oMix is also compounded by national health systemsOnce upon a time we had a lot of mental health facilitiesTo cut down on state budgets, closed many of theseMany of these mentally ill people end up in jail alsoAnyone can end up in jailoIt just takes a police officer deciding to put you in jail Bell v. WolffoTwo things1. The Supreme Court has interpreted the term punishment very narrowly to the Eighth AmendmentOnly talking about convicted offendersNot covered it you are anything else...
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- Fall '10