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11-24-10 - CJ 471 Jails are a mix of people convicted of...

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11-24-10 CJ 471 Jails are a mix of people convicted of crimes and pretrial detainees who are awaiting processing of their cases o Under our system, these pretrial detainees are presumed innocent o Locked up with convicted offenders o Offenders are also divided Largely those who are serving for lesser offenses A year or less Typically, more than a year = prison Those who have committed a very serious crime and are awaiting transfer to prison Some jails with excess space will rent out spaces to federal prisons because prisons are overcrowded o Mix is also compounded by national health systems Once upon a time we had a lot of mental health facilities To cut down on state budgets, closed many of these Many of these mentally ill people end up in jail also Anyone can end up in jail o It just takes a police officer deciding to put you in jail Bell v. Wolff o Two things 1. The Supreme Court has interpreted the term “punishment” very narrowly to the Eighth Amendment
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