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FINAL ESSAY Each of the following questions presents a statement about U.S. legal and constitutional history. Please write two essays, each evaluating one of the statements. Limit each essay to 900 words. Any words in excess of the limit will not be considered in evaluating your essay. Turn in your essays by Tuesday, May 12 at 10:00 p.m. Your GSI will provide instructions on how to turn in the exam. A good essay will use the historical materialspresented in this class in support of a well-defined argumentative position. You may agree, disagree or agree in part and disagree in partwith the statement; in any case, be sure to take aclear stance on the issues. A well-written essay will begin with a strong statement of your thesis and will then continue with support for your claims derived from the facts, ideas and history that we have studied in the course.❏Please submit in Word Doc or PDF.❏No name. Put your SID in the header, and page number.❏In the first line of your paper, please indicate whether you are going C/NC or letter grade (as per the deadline on May 8).❏Please put a word count at the end of the paper (citations, header and grading note do not count).❏Use whichever citation style you prefer, so long as we can find the material with precision.1)The NAACP Legal Defense Fund, Gun right activists (the NRA and libertarian proponents of originalism), and LGBTQ activists (both Lambda Legal and the Olson and Boies team) used or considered using Supreme Court litigation to achieve their policy goals. Their experiences provethat policy groups should use Supreme Court litigation to achieve policy goals. a)Analyze this statement, discussing the factors that influenced the decisions made by these three groups, the tactics they used, and the results of their litigation campaigns to support your analysis.i)BackgroundPolicy interest groups have used litigation services throughout history to achieve their political goals. It is a tactic that many use to follow the interests of their members and fight for what they want. By influencing decision makers, they are able to aim at any branch of the government, such as the Supreme Court. However, it does not always help the group achieve their policy goals. The NAACP Legal Defense Fund, gun rights groups, and LGBTQ groups are three major focus groups which have varying levels of controversy in the nation. Their history and development over the course of United States history illustratethe complex nature of navigating through the legal system to attain a certain outcome or goal, whether it be passing legislation or setting a precedent. I partially agree that policy groups should use the Supreme Court litigation to achieve their policy goals and will explain why by examining three groups, the NAACP Legal Defense Fund, which had success working with the Supreme Court on civil rights activism, LGBTQgroups who also succeeded in progressing towards marriage equality and gun rights groups such as the NRA, who have not had a strong response with the court.