Chaptwe 11 notes - Chapter 11 Defining Family 1 Family a...

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Chapter 11 Defining Family 1) Family - a group of people who create and maintain a mutual identity, emotional bonds, and communications boundaries through how they interact with each other and with others; who share a common past, present, and future; and who may or may not share a biological heritage 2) Historically, families have been less about intimacy and more about power and practicality 3) The word “family” comes from the Latin famulus, meaning servant or slave 4) The definition of family highlights five characteristics that distinguish families from other social groups a. Families create a sense of family identity through their interpersonal communication b. Because we forge family relationships during an early and very impressionable period in our lives, these bonds often prove emotionally intense c. Families use interpersonal communication to define boundaries, both inside the family and in ways that can distinguish family members from outsiders d. Families share history e. Family members often share genetic material Types of Family 1) Nuclear family - a wife, husband, and their biological or adopted children a. Minority of families 2) Gay or lesbian family - two people of the same sex governing a household and serving as parent figures for the biological or adopted children of at least one of them a. Between 1.5 to 2 million lesbian and gay families live in the US 3) Extended family - relatives such as aunts, uncles, parents, children, and grandparents love together in an household 4) Blended family - A husband and wife parent at least one child who I not the biological offspring of both adults 5) Cohabiting couples - two unmarried, romantically involved adults living together in a household, with or without children 6) Single-parent family - only one adult resides in the household, possessing sole responsibility as caregiver for the children Communication patterns in families 1) Family communication patterns - beliefs about the role communication should play in family life and the interactions that result from those beliefs. Among families there are variations in how much or little conversation and conformity are expected in a family 2) Conversation orientation - the degree to which family members view communication as the principal vehicle for maintaining family bonds
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a. Families with a high conversation orientation communicate regularly with each other-sharing their most interpersonal thoughts and feelings and debating ideas b. High conversation families establish and practice family rituals- recurring and structured events that help solidify emotional bonds b.i. Ex- weekly dinners or singing a song every night before bed c. Families with low conversation orientation view interpersonal communication as something irrelevant and unnecessary for a satisfying, successful family life 3) Conformity orientation - the degree to which families believe that communication
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Chaptwe 11 notes - Chapter 11 Defining Family 1 Family a...

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