Organic 1 - Remaining orbitals hybridized for σ system 1σ...

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Organic Chemistry The Expansive Chemistry of Carbon Section 7
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Alkanes C n H 2n + 2 Saturated hydrocarbons Most reduced state for C C H H H H sp 3 CH 4 methane
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CH 3 CH 3 ethane
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Alkane Nomenclature
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Alkane Nomenclature
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Alkane Nomenclature
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Alkane Nomenclature CH 3 CHCHCHCH 2 CH 2 CH 3 CH 3 CH 2 CH 3 3,4-diethyl-2-methylheptane CH 3 CH 2 -C-CH 2 CHCH 3 CH 3 CH 3 CH 3 CH 2 4-ethyl-2,4-dimethylhexane CH 2 CH 3
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3-ethyl-2,4,5-trimethylheptane
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Cycloalkanes
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Alkenes C n H 2n Contain one double bond C=C
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Pi (π) Bonds - e -1 density unsymmetrical about bond axis Two regions of overlap - Occur in multiple bonds Double 1σ bond and 1π bond Triple 1σ bond and 2π bonds
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C 2 H 4 H C=C H H H C (gs) 1s 2 2s 2 2p 2 2s 2s 2p 2p excite Reserve p orbital for one π bond
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Unformatted text preview: Remaining orbitals hybridized for σ system 1σ bond and 1π bond C 2 H 4 H C=C H H H C (gs) 1s 2 2s 2 2p 2 2s 2s 2p 2p sp 2 sp 2 sp 2 2p excite hybridize 1σ bond and 1π bond σ system required to be coplanar to maintain π bond C 2 H 2 H C≡C H C (gs) 1s 2 2s 2 2p 2 2s 2s 2p 2p sp sp 2p excite hybridize Reserve p orbital for two π bonds Remaining orbitals hybridized for σ system 1σ bond and 2π bonds 2p π Bond no. 2 π Bond no. 1 Orbital View of Resonance Resonance usually involves π bonds Benzene resonance...
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This note was uploaded on 11/16/2011 for the course CHM 2046 taught by Professor Chamusco during the Summer '10 term at Santa Fe College.

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Organic 1 - Remaining orbitals hybridized for σ system 1σ...

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