Hw7K-Int-GenBond-PDF

Hw7K-Int-GenBond-PDF - HW Set 7 - KEY GENERAL CONCEPTS of...

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HW Set 7 - KEY GENERAL CONCEPTS of CHEMICAL BONDING CHM 2045 Hw7K-G1-GenBond-PDF.wpd Common Monoatomic Ions 1. a) Al 1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 3s 2 3p 1 - 3e - Al 3+ 1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 noble gas, Ne b) Ga [Ar]4s 2 3d 10 4p 1 - 3e - Ga 3+ [Ar} 3d 10 pseudo-noble gas c) Sc [Ar]4s 2 3d 1 - 3e - Sc 3+ [Ar] noble gas, Ar d) N 1s 2 2s 2 2p 3 + 3e - N 3- 1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 noble gas, Ne e) Pb [Xe] 6s 2 4f 14 5d 10 6p 2 - 2e - Pb 2+ [Xe] 6s 2 4f 14 5d 10 n s 2 (n-1) d 10 f) K [Ar]4s 1 - 1e - K + [Ar] noble gas, Ar g) Ba [Xe]6s 2 - 2e - Ba 2+ [Xe] noble gas, Xe h) Cu [Ar]4s 1 3d 10 - 1e - Cu + [Ar] 3d 10 pseudo-noble gas i) Cd [Kr]5s 2 4d 10 - 2e - Cd 2+ [Kr] 4d 10 pseudo-noble gas j) Tl [Xe] 6s 2 4f 14 5d 10 6p 1 - 1e - Tl + [Xe] 6s 2 4f 14 5d 10 n s 2 (n-1) d 10 k) Bi [Xe] 6s 2 4f 14 5d 10 6p 3 - 3e - Bi 3+ [Xe] 6s 2 4f 14 5d 10 n s 2 (n-1) d 10 l) S [Ne] 3s 2 3p 4 + 2e - S 2- [Ne] 3s 2 3p 6 noble gas, Ar m) Br [Ar] 4s 2 3d 10 4p 5 + 1e - Br - [Ar] 4s 2 3d 10 4p 6 noble gas, Kr n) H 1s 1 + 1e - H - 1s 2 noble gas, He o) O 1s 2 2s 2 2p 4 + 2e - O 2- 1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 noble gas, Ne p) Be 1s 2 2s 2 - 2e - Be 2+ 1s 2 noble gas, He 2. a) Mg [Ne]3s 2 - 2e - Mg 2+ [Ne] b) Se [Ar]4s 2 3d 10 4p 4 + 2e - Se 2- [Ar]4s 2 3d 10 4p 6 or [Kr] c) Tl [Xe]6s 2 4f 14 5d 10 4p 1 - 1e - Tl + [Xe]6s 2 4f 14 5d 10 Tl [Xe]6s 2 4f 14 5d 10 4p 1 - 3e - Tl 3+ [Xe]4f 14 5d 10 d) Ag [Kr]5s 1 4d 10 - 1e - Ag + [Kr]4d 10 e) Cl [Ne]3s 2 3p 5 + 1e - Cl - [Ne]3s 2 3p 6 or [Ar] f) P [Ne]3s 2 3p 3 + 3e - P 3- [Ne]3s 2 3p 6 or [Ar] g) Li [He]2s 1 - 1e - Li + [He] h) Na [Ne]3s 1 - 1e - Na + [Ne] i) Sn [Kr]5s 2 4d 10 5p 2 - 2e - Sn 2+ [Kr]5s 2 4d 10 Sn [Kr]5s 2 4d 10 5p 2 - 4e - Sn 4+ [Kr]4d 10 j) F [He]2s 2 2p 5 + 1e - F - [Ne] k) Ca [Ar]4s 2 - 2e - Ca 2+ [Ar] l) In [Kr]5s 2 4d 10 5p 1 - 1e - In + [Kr]5s 2 4d 10 In [Kr]5s 2 4d 10 5p 1 - 3e - In 3+ [Kr]4d 10 m) O [He]2s 2 2p 4 + 2e - O 2- [Ne] n) Zn [Ar]4s 2 3d 10 - 2e - Zn 2+ [Ar]3d 10 o) Hg [Xe]6s 2 4f 14 5d 10 - 2e - Hg 2+ [Xe]4f 14 5d 10 p) Cs [Xe]6s 1 - 1e - Cs + [Xe]
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2 3. a) As 3- b) Br - c) Ca 2+ d) Cs + e) I - f) Se 2- g) K + h) Cu + , Cu 2+ i) Sn 2+ , Sn 4+ j) Fe 2+ , Fe 3+ k) Al 3+ l) O 2- m) Co 2+ , Co 3+ n) Sr 2+ o) Zn 2+ p) Hg 2+ , (also poly atomic Hg 2 2+ ) q) S 2- r) Cr 2+ , Cr 3+ s) Mg 2+ t) Tl + , Tl 3+ u) Ba 2+ v) F - w) Pb 2+ , Pb 4+ x) Ni 2+ Ionic Bonding 4. M and X in the combinations below represent elements in the third period of the Periodic Table. a) [M 2+ ][X 2- ] = MgS b) [M + ] 3 [X 3- ] = Na 3 P c) [M 3+ ][X - ] 3 = AlCl 3 d) [M 2+ ] 3 [X 3- ] 2 = Mg 3 P 2 5. a) K 2 S ( K + , S 2- ) b) AlN ( Al 3+ , N 3- ) c) AlF 3 ( Al 3+ , F - ) d) CsI ( Cs + , I - ) e) MgSe ( Mg 2+ , Se 2- ) f) Na 2 O ( Na + , O 2- ) g) CaS ( Ca 2+ , S 2- ) h) Mg 3 N 2 ( Mg 2+ , N 3- ) i) Fe 2 S 3 ( Fe 3+ , S 2- ) j) KI ( K + , I - ) k) Li 3 P ( Li + , P 3- ) l) Cu 2 O ( Cu + , O 2- ) 6. a) NaF b) BeO c) Al 2 S 3 d) ZnCl 2 e) K 2 Se f) Li 3 N g) Mg 3 P 2 h) SnF 2 and SnF 4 i) CaH
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This note was uploaded on 11/16/2011 for the course CHM 1025 taught by Professor J during the Summer '09 term at Santa Fe College.

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Hw7K-Int-GenBond-PDF - HW Set 7 - KEY GENERAL CONCEPTS of...

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