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Sunstein-Boot_Slides - —| How[asl did it gruu‘ Ravi?“...

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Unformatted text preview: —| How [asl did it gruu‘? Ravi?“ £1151”: hug Milan, Filis' H‘nbLIm mill fhp Nnfimpfldp ThE mgmtanrmfimhs 'I.i.'|klped m Works Like Pntes Wm Waflh Iu Bi t Hilllmaiu’nlllvd gluuu nlilligvflw agnusl induidugl hlelligarum-i “1:1 mu Muhgrnmintflligenta wnn Iflualil;l [nntml Ens 311g £1115 Gi mes h 131a: hi1kwskncw' S'fld'llnilvllludl'nELli url'ul l'Iu ahr' IiuPnrs fiJuEEfiIE'J' ".lw ". Inc J F LIE... xpl'rffi nflulrrdr'mifil".a1<.;r-urc;rnrr:<urr-a -r.:' 11 JHIE ll1l? Tl'usu .mIJL'rI‘ :IU\\".|SE'-JlUJc wul'l I‘JI 1: lg 1|IL' it '.|u :n awfifidiymflrm: 1=.r “hr a 1 '1' <hII1IrI 3|:de h! 1w anew—TR! IF'F1II‘." Hr rrr-' Review - Globalization problems - Stiglitz/Friedman - Asymmetries - Dependency Theory Sunstein: "Many Working Minds" 'PEDIA.COM A ' THE FREE ENCYCLOPEDIA Search Nupedia Read Nupedia Newest Articles By Subject Alphabetically Our Articles in Progress— read and comment! Receivemenqdopedaartide in your m every morning! Just enter your e-mail address. Subscribe! mirloonliii Wiripedia A complementary encyclopedia project fUPEDIA.COM Welcome to Nupedial We are building the world's largest international, peer-reviewed encyclopedia. It is free. The proiect is larger "on hold'I but poised to get moving again with renewed vigor when funding is found. It's not hard to get involved, and we really do need your involvement! Basically, we need writers editors and peer reviewers, copyeditors, programmers, translators. and even casual participants. Just sign up (it's a very short form] and we'll get you started. Or perhaps you need to be convinced? Nupedia's policy guidelines have been recently updated! Please have a look. We have added a FAchat answers many of the most frequently-asked questions about Nupedia policy and procedure. Nupedia is becoming multilingual. To discuss issues related tothis, please join Interpret-L. You will be ableto unsubscribe yourself from the same page. We also have groups devoted to translation into (and, later, from} French, German, Italian, Portuguese, and Spanish. You might notice that we have changed our Iogofbannersllghtly. Thanks go to Sally Milo of Milo Design for the update. The old subtitle for Nupedia, "The Open Content Encyclopedia." is now "The Free Encyclopedia." This is more inviting to people who do not know what "Open Content" means. It is also more inviting to people associated with Richard Stallman's Free Software Foundation iFSF}. They prefer "free" [that term) to "open content" and I"open source." “Free," as Stallman points out, here means not "free of charge" but Instead "unconstrained by {most} legal restrictions on use." We thought it would be nice to please these people who can help Nupedia so much. This change does not represent any sort of change in policy, goals, or outlook. So you can go on referring to Nupedia as "The Open Content Encyclopedia," if you prefer, or as "The Free Encyclopedia"—lt's both. Join us! Join the Effort! How to... Write an Article Edit and Review Copyedit Code Translate Be Casual Our Editors and Peer Reviewers Our Writers Member Area Become a Member Production Sign Upto Write an Article About Nupedia Editorial Policy Policy FAQ Nupedia News Press Mentions Discussion Groups Ucense: Use Our Articles for Free lhks Contact Nupedia Download other laws Deutsche Version Version Espar'iola Version Francaise Versioneltaliana Home How fast did it grow? "Started on January 10, 2001, Wikipedia had one thousand articles by February, ten thousand by September 7, and forty thousand by August 30, 2002. As early as May 2001, Wikipedias were created in many other Languages, including Catalan, Chinese, Dutch, German, Esperanto, French, Hebrey, Italian, Portugeuse, Spanish, and Swedish.” The Importanc of Stubs him ui mum him.- Ruhulin amp . Wilipcdia. III: in an... III nwmhu-Ehi'killlrivcn _‘N2l.criw_Nanu_k-_luli: _aIuII. Uni 'ersity of Waterloo Nano Robotics Group FImII mu min-"mick" .III. win new» all}! Jun-mum .4)” .m and mi: [2| pup among-ii m an. minim Mhpw¢2_ gen-animus «m mum lfilfimflifl n In: C‘Ml- Elm-sq.- II Tanya. "*IW'WNH I - I - I- - - I I Miami. imam Mu. cm.“ mull in» mi, L‘amdlan learn (Ml flair-vain; MkL-wmlt‘lhit‘ tlmli‘c III: I: W! “N“- f-IIIIII w Inn—min: |I.I ' ' I ' Auk Im Ell in 9mm... Chm LIW ”Rf-[Jun]? : Hill": “tract-nu: nine-9mm"! all! In mgr nag-qua: uni from lap Illioli immilioml TN ":sz iI|rlILK in L‘n'll-i FrllraJni] .U“; IITEE! fluid. IJIinJ flu: aural lb: Mobil: Miuu f'hlllrge. LudIJI: manna! III-tLI'WJI “gm :r-iIEurIII I- It. ‘ Cami-n lg..- 4.9.x. nie- ll emu-w - - - - Cum b plzdlvdt-Ztlllnl wing. I Imrflitfgm‘ Members 2F'I\IEI..I\ IMII'RUL' UP'I'EP. uneI Ikueu-III. nan-III! . . “mi: En. Pia-nu. Dr. C... Di. 1am] I31. 'F'dar. salam L'iabun aIdEIJFxL‘anar: Ending r':||_a . MI.- aua. admiral nth-“(r - 1E mil IIiII:i The Dll'l'u'efll Rolluls I: lull-MEDINA. FANEIAJHC? EHHALEkW.1lFIKl-K Him. lulimi dicimmiLn [unjch I1 plan-i in] (Ii-(HI ix NIIiI'N'JIS'I'I-ldIiir Mint-uh: Limit-afloat lulflfir‘l‘m-miifli’lllpfl :minsluiuhu m.“ . nip-maul ‘IIiuI-Im hydi ii.- swugmrmumngm Mimwicm 11qu- maiilyw:h mum”: 'flunnknningiuh riaicunnmmdlhnuhulam my ”mummy IIIIIIImmuIiIInaI-II; PAMELA Ruiz ad inn "liq: " ' Ii ' ' “I' PAMELA a... mum Hahn] 'Ett'lhillt‘illflh‘llpfl- IIIiquI-idinaed hms-I-hia-I-x iim dulinpedby die Lacy“ ”“5"!“ ”b“ null: dlh: Iupu I=IIIrIIIII Wumflus I-II.w.:.IanJIIIIIIIIpc. ' - ': - humllail MIMI! “II“INI'lIlIm - TLlLfllibhlfl ““2qu cum-e Comma ummrpnarunn Lhuu: mural urn: nu} ma 5a.: I‘m-summi- dmil MILRDLDHER \I I .Ipm'ur: i.- unfim-imIII-k am “Hi: him-Is - a -. mlil "gallium“. mmucm‘lan K on. Ham Ig- Ilev-uq-nemrm uflIimi-Mzdfinpu tn - - . - dipnklllmi in any; in n;mpmic.fil|d.'l‘iizmnrnilln:nmmlr iipn iL-dl III obi-“gm mums“: l'llilllil: llg-I ink-1pm. SAW LM'_mc.'<m-g mm 'lueiufi-{mmpung mummy mun-mp calcium-Irma;- ur.|u-:muu.‘l‘n.uu- dnzhpmmuldnip-mimulllrt mi-zdi iiIguIz- NIsTMnhIlzniw tor 'IIiIIII-gz.uIIII'-.mv.uw:m‘ rim e-IieIIIIIIiIIII .Iuiwuiniililix .IIi Imp-m illt'ztdcainurmw. mum Past E-vmts Iii-1‘1“] 'O'Sl A III'Ici‘EflI | 9:5] a“ Wihipedia Works Like Prices Who Wants to Be a Millionaire? pitted group intelligence against individual intelligence, and that every week, group intelligence won. If a contestant got stumped by a question, she had three options: Every F'tI-il "'cc $143 SIMILHC'H If a contestant got stumped by a question, she had three options: - First, she could have two of the four multiple- choice answers removed (so she'd have at least a fifty-fifty shot at the right response). - Second, she could place a call to a mend or relative, a person whom, before the show, she had singled out as one of the smartest people she knew, and ask him or her for the answer. - Third, she could poll the studio audience, which would immediately cast its votes by computer. Everything we think we know about intelligence suggests that the smart individual would offer the most help. But the experts' offered the right answer-under pressure-almost 65 percent of the time. Those random crowds of people with nothing better to do on a weekday afternoon than sit in a 1V studio picked the right answer 91 percent of the time. Quality Control £05 Aug 91% @32an Blogging Judge Posner Blogging is... a fresh and striking exemplification of Hayek's thesis that knowledge is widely distributed among people and that the challenge to society is to create mechanisms for pooling that knowledge. The power mechanism that was the focus of Hayek's work, as of economists generally, is the price system (the market). The newest mechanism is the "blogosphere." There are 4 million blogs. The Internet enables the instantaneous pooling (and hence correction, refinement and amplification) of the ideas and opinions, facts adn images, reportage and scholarship, generated by bloggers. l Problems with the Blogosphere - Group Polarization . Hidden Profiles - Social Cascades PI'OBIEIHS Wlfli “IE 5 - Group Polarization - Hidden Profiles - Social Cascades Max Boot "The Consequences of the Information Revolution" "Even the best surveillance systems can be thwarted by simple countermeasures like camouflage, smoke, and decoys, by bad weather, or by difficult terrain like the deep sea, mountains, or jungles. Sensors have limited ability to penatrate solid objects, so they cannot tell what is happening in underground bunkers such as those that North Korea and Iran use to hide their nuclear weapons programs. Urban areas persent a particularly difficult challenge: there are far more things to track (individuals) and far more obstructions (buildings, vehicles, trees, signs) than at sea or in the sky — and figuring out whether a person is a civilian or an insurgent is a lot harder than figuring out whether an unidentified aircraft is a civilian airliner or an enemy figher. It is harder still to figure out how hard enemy soliders will resist or what strategems they will employ. No machine has yet been invented that can penetrate human thought processes." market). The newest mechanism is the ”blogosphere." There are 4 million blogs. The Internet enables the instantaneous pooling (and hence correction, refinement and amplification) of the ideas and opinions, facts adn images, reportage and scholarship, generated by bloggers. l— Max Boot "The Consequences of the Information Revolution" "Even the best surveillance systems can be thwarted by simple countermeasures like camouflage, smoke, and decoys, by bad weather, or by difficult terrain like the deep sea, mountains, or jungles. Sensors have limited ability to penatrate solid objects, so they cannot tell what is happening in underground bunkers such as those that North Korea and Iran use to hide their nuclear weapons programs. Urban areas persent a particularly difficult challenge: there are far more things to track (individuals) and far more obstructions (buildings, vehicles, trees, signs) than at sea or in the sky - and figuring out whether a person is a civilian or an insurgent is a lot harder than figuring out whether an unidentified aircraft is a civilian airliner or an enemy figher. It is harder still to figure out how hard enemy soliders will resist or what strategems they will employ. No machine has yet been invented that can penetrate human thought processes." Human error Hacking Dependence ...
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