de_Waal_Article_Notes - The way to read this piece is as...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The way to read this piece is as consisting of different sections on separate but related items. These sections you see are actually taken from a larger work (a book) and thus some of them are taken out of context. Don’t expect the piece to flow perfectly – it is talking about the same thing but at different levels of abstraction and from different angles at different times. Look at each section as its own thing. How to talk about morality in evolutionary terms: Morality is a hard thing to explain in light of evolutionary theory o Evolution says we ought to pursue our own good and advantage o Morality says we should place constraints on pursuing our interests o Human beings can be incredibly selfish as well as altruistic Huxley claims that morality works against our nature, trying to keep it in check. This is a common theme in moral philosophy – e.g. Kant Dewey claims that some of what morality claims to do is actually part of our human nature and that we need to cultivate that part – more akin to Aristotle o Make sense with his classics background de Waal claims that the universality of human morality means it must be part of our nature. If we are animals among other animals in the world, it makes sense that we should see the building blocks for morality in them. Thus, we ought to look for some kind of morality in non-human animals. Key questions for de Waal: o Do animals display benevolence, rules and regulations, and other things similar to morality in humans? o If we do find these things, what motivates them to act that way? o Do they realize how their behavior affects others? Part of morality is social inclusion: if we act morally we are included as part of the group, if we don’t we are cast out of the community or punished in some way. Cannot be morally neutral in a human society – morality is built into the way
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 11/17/2011 for the course MKT 317 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '11 term at Michigan State University.

Page1 / 3

de_Waal_Article_Notes - The way to read this piece is as...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online