1 - Causes of Social Movements. Some sociologists seek the...

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Collective Behavior Collective behavior is not organized in terms of established norms and institutionalized lines of action. Varieties of Collective Behavior. Collective behavior comes in many forms, including rumors, fashions and fads (which can turn into crazes ), mass hysteria, panic, and crowds. Types of crowds include the acting crowd, the casual crowd, the conventional crowd, and the expressive crowd. These crowd types share three characteristics: suggestibility, deindividualization, and invulnerability. Preconditions for Collective Behavior. One framework for examining collective behavior is based on the value-added model popular among economists and specifies six determinants of collective behavior. Explanations of Crowd Behavior. Sociologists offer three approaches to crowd behavior: contagion theory, convergence theory, and emergent-norm theory. Social Movements Social movements are vehicles whereby people collectively seek to influence the course of human events through formal organizations.
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Unformatted text preview: Causes of Social Movements. Some sociologists seek the roots of social movements in social and economic deprivation; others look to the resources and organizations aggrieved persons can muster as providing the key to an understanding of social movements. Types of Social Movements. An ideology is critical to a social movement. Common forms of social movements include revolutionary, reform, resistance, and expressive movements. Social Revolution. Social revolutions are most likely to occur when: (1) a good deal of political power is concentrated in the state, (2) the military is no longer a reliable tool for suppressing domestic disorders, (3) political crises weaken the existing regime, and (4) a substantial segment of the population mobilizes in uprisings. Terrorism. Although what constitutes terrorism is a matter of social definition, sociologists have come to see terrorism as a new mode of warfare with far-reaching implications...
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This note was uploaded on 11/17/2011 for the course SCIE SYG2000 taught by Professor Bernhardt during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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