Adam Smith - AdamSmith Even with their emphasis on...

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Adam Smith Even with their emphasis on democracy, a lot of 17th and 18th century thinkers were very heavily focused on the state as the paramount institution in the social world. It was a radical change from the ideas of divine right monarchy, to be sure, but another set of ideas was about to capture the attention of thinkers who were wondering just what society was and how it worked. Trend in Reductionist Theories Galileo and Newton had turned cosmology on its head and had shown how whole systems could be understood in terms of simple laws such as the inverse square law of gravitation or the law of inertia. Furthermore, they had accomplished these things by applying “pure reason” to observations of the natural world. The correctness of mathematical formulations lies in their “self-evident” character. Humanist Urges Simultaneously, a number of new religious ideas had been emerging to challenge the received orthodoxy of the church. An important component of these was the revision of the core idea of humans as fundamentally evil
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