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Conflict Theory - needs In general conflict theorists...

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Conflict Theory (Key Founder> Karl Marx) The guiding question of conflict theory is "How is society organized (or divided) and who benefits from this arrangement?" -- According to conflict theory, capitalist societies are characterized by basic inequalities in wealth, power and prestige. Privileged individuals and groups (the "haves" or bourgeoisie ) benefit from existing social arrangements and they do so at the expense of less privileged groups (the "have nots" or proletariat ). The privileged (or "haves") possess a great deal of power because they own and control the means of production -- i.e., the means through which people make a living. The "have nots" must sell their labor to the "haves" in order to make a living and meet their basic
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Unformatted text preview: needs. In general, conflict theorists stress that social life is characterized by conflict between the "haves" and "have nots." This conflict is rooted in competition for scarce resources. Obviously, the "haves" (or bourgeoisie) have a distinct advantage in this conflict because they have more access to and control over scarce resources. Emphases: Conflict theorists focus on the effects of inequalities of power and rewards. .. They ask: Who benefits and who suffers from existing arrangements? They also believe that change occurs as a result of conflict between competing classes (i.e., the haves vs. the have nots) or interests. .....
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