Group Dynamic1 - Social Loafing. When individuals work in...

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Group Dynamics The dynamic qualities of groups make them a significant force in human life and  important to sociologists. Group Size.  The size of a group influences the nature of our interaction.  Emotions and feelings tend to assume a larger part in  dyads  than in larger  groups. The addition of a third member to a group—forming a  triad fundamentally alters a social situation. In this arrangement one person may be  placed in the role of an outsider. Leadership.  In group settings some members usually exert more  influence than others. We call these individuals  leaders.  Two types of  leadership roles tend to evolve in small groups: a  task specialist  and a  social- emotional specialist.  Leaders may follow an authoritarian style, a democratic  style, or a laissez-faire style.
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Unformatted text preview: Social Loafing. When individuals work in groups, they work less hard than they do when working individually, a process termed social loafing. Social Dilemmas. A social dilemma is a situation in which members of a group are faced with a conflict between maximizing their personal interests and maximizing the collective welfare. Groupthink. In group settings individuals may become victims of groupthink. Group members may share an illusion of invulnerability that leads to overconfidence and a greater willingness to take risks. Conformity. Groups bring powerful pressures to bear that produce conformity among their members. Although such pressures influence our behavior, we often are unaware of them....
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