Industrial societies

Industrial societies - workers with office jobs....

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Industrial societies: In early capitalist societies, new social classes evolve from those whom own or control the means of production and from those who subsist only by selling their capacity to work--that is the capitalist class (e.g., bankers, factory owners, and landlords), and the working class (the employed and the "reserved army of labor"). Below the working class are the "lumpenproletariat," who are characterized by criminal behavior (prostitutes, thieves, etc,). (Did Marx misidentify the "lumpen"?) In socialist societies controlled by Communist parties, the social stratification system includes Communist party officials as new elite. (In the People's Republic of China and Vietnam the Communist-led governments are promoting the development of capitalist enterprises. This is not occurring in Cuba.) By the twentieth century, many industrial societies had developed stable middle-classes of "white-collar"
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Unformatted text preview: workers with office jobs. Bureaucracies became major employers--and social actors affecting the stratification system. • Post-industrial society in the late 20th century The middle class and the upper middle class also draw members from well-educated, small business owners and from persons who invest in the stock market and other money-making ventures (these persons have capitalistic interests but are not capitalist in the old sense of the word) Note: In stratification systems, higher economic status is usually associated with political power. Conversely, lower socioeconomic status is usually associated with political marginalization if not powerlessness. (Can you envision a society where wealth and political power are not related?) (For review of stratification systems see the works of H. R. Kerbo, and G. Lenski)...
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This note was uploaded on 11/17/2011 for the course SCIE SYG2000 taught by Professor Bernhardt during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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Industrial societies - workers with office jobs....

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