Introduction Ludwig Feuerbach was a contemporary of Marx who wrote philosophical critiques of religion and one of Marx's inspirations for alienation. The "Theses on Feuerbach" were written in spring 1845. Marx makes several important points here •He wants to push materialism beyond where Feuerbach took it. "Conventional" materialism focused on consciousness as a reflection of the material, environmental condition of human existence. It does not see subjectivity as material. In other words, practice is not seen as "the stuff" of the world. The important question of the relationship of theory and practice emerges here. Here's how one dictionary of Marxism puts it: Theory and Practice are the ideal and material aspects of human activity. Theory reflects and organises practice; practice manifests and enriches theory. The separation of theory and practice, which has its origins in the rupture of society into classes, means speculation in theory and unconscious activity in practice. This resonates with a question we will encounter in the work of Max Weber on the relationship
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