Unformatted text preview: dysfunctional patterns have negative consequences. .. (E.g., reliance on cars has led to environmental problems and weakened family and community ties) Harmony - Assume parts of society (like parts of an "organism") work together for the good of the whole and are characterized by harmony. .. Evolution - Change occurs through evolution -- adaptation of subsystems or institutions to new needs and demands. .. Also proposes that changes in one subsytem will likely lead to changes in others. .. Key Problems of this theory : (1) functionalism has a conservative bias - e.g., it assumes that a society is geared toward maintaining equilibrium or harmony. It tends to overlook divisions based on race, class, and gender and how these divisions lead to conflict and tension. (2) S-f is also unclear at times about what function an institution or subsystem serves (note overlap of and change in functions)...
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- Fall '10
- Sociology, negative consequences, major perspectives, interrelated parts, Positive consequences