Political Power Politics refers to the processes by which people and groups acquire and exercise power. Political power is power that is organized and wielded by the state. Types of Government. Government can take the form of totalitarianism, authoritarianism, or democracy, which is promoted by a strong civil society. Political Power in the United States. A constitutional system of government defines and prescribes the boundaries within which political power is pursued in the United States. Central to American political processes are political parties, popular electoral participation, interest-group lobbying (including political action committees ), and the mass media. Models of Power in the United States. Marxist theory holds that political processes are affected by class interests and conflict. The elitist model depicts major decisions as being made by a
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