Sociological Perspectives on Inequalities of Race and EthnicityThe Functionalist Perspective.Functionalists say that ethnic differentiation reduces consensus, increases the chances of conflict, and threatens the equilibrium of a society, but it also promotes group formation and cohesion, functions as a safety valve through scapegoating, and helps maintain a democratic order.The Conflict Perspective. Conflict theorists contend that prejudice and discrimination can best be understood in terms of tension or conflict among competing groups. At least three different conflict theories exist, and they are related to ethnocentrism, Marxism, and the split labor market.The Interactionist Perspective. Interactionists say that the world we experience is socially constructed. In this view, ethnic groups are seen as products of social interaction. Ethnicity
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Scapegoating, Functionalists, Interactionists, Minority Group Relations, place. Interactionists