The Self and Socialization

The Self and Socialization - George Herbert Mead contended...

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The Self and Socialization The formation of the  self -the set of concepts we use in defining who we are-is a central part of  the socialization process. The self emerges in the course of interaction with other people and  represents the ideas we have regarding our attributes, capacities, and behavior. It typically  includes an  egocentric bias. Charles Horton Cooley: The Looking-Glass Self.  Charles Horton Cooley's  notion that our consciousness arises in a social context is exemplified by his concept of  the  looking-glass self— a process by which we imaginatively assume the stance of  other people and view ourselves as we believe they see us. Self-image  is differentiated  from  self-conception. Self-esteem  is governed by  reflected appraisals, social  comparisons,  and self-attribution.  Personal efficacy  is another aspect of self- evaluation. George Herbert Mead: The Generalized Other. 
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Unformatted text preview: George Herbert Mead contended that we gain a sense of selfhood by acting toward ourselves in much the same fashion that we act toward others. According to Mead, children typically pass through three stages in developing a full sense of selfhood: the play stage, in which the child plays roles modeled on a significant other; the game stage; and the generalized other stage. Erving Goffman: Impression Management. Erving Goffman pointed out that only by influencing other people's ideas of us can we hope to predict or control what happens to us. Consequently, we have a stake in presenting ourselves to others in ways that will lead them to view us in a favorable light, a process Goffman calls impression management. Goffman introduced the dramaturgical approach....
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