WHITE COLLAR CRIME

WHITE COLLAR CRIME - humans. Lombroso called these...

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WHITE COLLAR CRIME White Collar Crime was first investigated by the American sociologist Edwin Sutherland. Sutherland defined White Collar crime as commited by a person of respect ability and high social status in the course of his occupation" THE EXTENT OF CRIME IN THE UNITED STATES 1. Most violations of criminal law are never reported. 2. Many type of crime are higly unlikely to ever be reported. 3. Many times successful crime is never detected. 4. The best known indicator of crime is the "FBI's uniform Crime Reports." THEORIES OF CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR In general, theories of criminal behavior can be grouped into three broad categories those being, biological theories, psychological theories and sociological theories. BIOLOGICAL THEORIES Lombroso (Lombroso 1918) developed a theory which held that crimanls were born with distinct physical types which had traits associated with evolutionary primitive
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Unformatted text preview: humans. Lombroso called these criminals with their distinct physical types "atavistic." Lombroso listed various physical characteristics which he called " Stigmata" which criminals had that set them apart from the rest of the population. Sheldon (Sheldon 1949) explained his theory in his work, Variety of Delinquent Behavior which was published in 1949. His work was based upon his observations of some 260 delinquent boys. In his study Sheldon classified the delinquent boys into one of four physical type based upon their body type. (1) Endomorphs soft, round, fat and insecure (2) Ectomorphs skinny, fragile, non-adventurous (3) Mesomorphs strong, adventurous physically active (4) Balanced types which apppeared to have a combination of the characteristics of the three other types....
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