{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Aristotle - b Some bronze(which was shapeless becomes a...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Aristotle’s Account Aristotle’s account is contained in Physics I.7. He insists that there must be three basic ingredients in every case of change. (Plato’s treatment only mentions two: a pair of opposites). In addition to a pair of opposites, there must be an underlying subject of change . The basic case of change involves a pair of opposed or contrary properties and a subject that loses one of them and gains the other. But Aristotle does not even insist that there be an opposed pair of properties (191a6-7): In another way, however, there need not be two [contraries]; for just one of the contraries is enough, by its absence or presence, to produce the thing . So the ingredients Aristotle insists on are: an underlying subject , a form (i.e., a positive property) and a lack (or privation ) of that form. Aristotle’s examples illustrate these ingredients: a. A man who was unmusical becomes musical.
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: b. Some bronze (which was shapeless) becomes a statue. In case (a), the subject is man , the form is musical and the privation is unmusical . In case (b), the subject is bronze , the form is statue and the privation is shapeless . The subject—the man, or the bronze—persists through the change. Of the other terms involved, the earlier ones (unmusicality, shapelessness) cease to exist, while the later ones (musicality, the statue) come into existence. These were cases of coming into being (generation), since lacks or privations were replaced by forms. Ceasing to be (destruction) occurs when a form is replaced by a privation—when matter is deprived of form. This would happen, for example, when a statue is melted down into a shapeless pool of bronze. The bronze persists, but the statue has ceased to exist....
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Ask a homework question - tutors are online