Cross - Primary Substances the basic individuals Things...

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Cross-categorial predication a. Predication within a category (“Socrates is a human,” “a tiger is an animal,” “red is a color”) involves classifying something (whether a particular or a universal) under some higher universal within the same category tree. Predication is a matter of classification. b. Cross-categorial predication (“Socrates is wise,” “This horse is white”) is more complicated. Here we are predicating an accident (something PRESENT IN a subject) of a substance in which it inheres. c. Are such (accidental) predications still a matter of classification? Yes. But we are classifying something PRESENT IN a substance, rather than the substance itself. d. Example: “This horse is white” classifies a particular bit of color, inhering in this horse, under the color-universal white . e. That is: White is SAID OF an individual bit of color that is PRESENT IN this horse.
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Unformatted text preview: Primary Substances: the basic individuals Things that are neither SAID OF nor PRESENT IN any subject Aristotle calls “primary substances” ( protai ousiai ). Primary substances are fundamental in that “if they did not exist it would be impossible for any of the other things to exist” (2b5). That is, on Aristotle’s account, primary substances have priority. Aristotle gives this argument for the ontological priority of primary substances (2a34-2b7): a. Every secondary (universal) substance is predicated of (i.e., SAID OF) some primary substance or other. b. Every non-substance (whether universal or particular) is PRESENT IN some primary substance or other. c. That is, everything other than primary substance is either SAID OF or PRESENT IN primary substances. d. Therefore, if primary substances did not exist, neither would anything else....
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This note was uploaded on 11/14/2011 for the course PHI PHI2010 taught by Professor Jorgerigol during the Fall '09 term at Broward College.

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