Empedocles - in its own province and possesses its own...

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Empedocles 1. Areas of agreement with Parmenides a. No generation/destruction : Fools. For their thoughts are not far-reaching, who expect that there comes to be what previously was not, or that anything perishes and is completely destroyed. ( 44 =B11) For it is impossible to come to be from what in no way is, and it is not to be accomplished and is unheard of that what is perishes absolutely. ( 45 =B12) ... There is coming to be of not a single one of all mortal things, nor is there any end of deadly death .... ( 46 =B8) b. No void : None of the whole is either empty or over-full. ( 48 =B13) 2. Areas of disagreement with Parmenides a. Pluralism - the four elements: Hear first the four roots of all things: Shining Zeus [fire] and life-bringing Hera [air] and Aidoneus [earth] and Nestis [water] who with her tears moistens mortal Springs. ( 34 =B6) b. Qualitative difference : ... For these [the four elements] are all equal and of the same age, but each rules
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Unformatted text preview: in its own province and possesses its own individual character, but they dominate in turn as time revolves. ( 33 =B17, line 27) c. Motion : And these [sc. the elements] never cease continually interchanging, at one time all coming together into one by Love, and at another each being borne apart by the hatred of Strife. ( 33 =B17, line 6) ... For there are just these things [i.e., the four elements] , and running through one another they come to be both humans and the tribes of other beasts at one time coming together into a single cosmos by Love and at another each being borne apart by the hatred of Strife .... ( 51 =B26) Note that Empedocles not only accepts the existence of motion, but offers an explanation of it, in terms of two primitive forces, Love (which moves things together) and Strife (which separates them)....
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