Phase Two - Phase Two: The transition from Knowledge is of...

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Phase Two: The transition from “Knowledge is of necessary truths” to “The objects one has knowledge about are invariable, fixed, permanent, unchanging - i.e., the Forms.” This appears to be a different sort of fallacy: that of transferring a property of a proposition to the thing(s) the proposition is “about.” It’s not in general true that if p is about x and p has property F , then x has F . (E.g., one may have a complex proposition about a simple object, a short proposition about a tall object, etc.) Two comments on Plato’s move in Phase Two: i. Plato’s inclination to suppose that invariable objects are required as the things invariable (i.e., necessary) truths are about may have been fostered by his assimilation of propositional knowledge (“knowing that”) to knowledge by acquaintance (“knowing someone”). For the unalterability of the propositional object of knowledge seems to require a proposition that cannot ever fail to be true. And if one stresses the unalterability of the object of propositional knowledge and slides (unwittingly) into thinking of it as
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Phase Two - Phase Two: The transition from Knowledge is of...

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