Plato - -he only asks questions . C. But (2) and (3) entail...

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Plato’s demonstration of the theory Plato attempts to prove the doctrine of Recollection by means of his interview with the slave- boy. A. Note that it is non-empirical knowledge that is at issue: knowledge of a geometrical theorem. (A square whose area is twice that of a given square is the square on the diagonal of the given square.) B. How successful is Plato’s proof of the doctrine of recollection? The “Proof” of Recollection A. Call the geometrical theorem in question P . Plato assumes: 1. At t 1 it appears that the boy does not know that P . 2. At t 2 the boy knows that P . 3. The boy does not acquire the knowledge that P during the interval between t 1 and t 2 . B. Plato thinks that (2) is obviously correct, since at t2 the boy can give a proof that P . And he thinks that (3) is correct since Socrates doesn’t do any “teaching”
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Unformatted text preview: -he only asks questions . C. But (2) and (3) entail that the appearance in (1) is mistaken -at t 1 the boy did know that P , since he knows at t 2 and didn’t acquire the knowledge in the interval between t 1 and t 2 . D. Crucial assumptions by Plato: 1. Socrates didn’t do any teaching. 2. The only way to acquire new knowledge is to be taught it. E. Both assumptions are dubious: 1. Socrates asks leading questions . He gets the boy to notice the diagonal by explicitly bringing it up himself. 2. The disjunction -either the boy was taught that P or he already knew that P- may not be exhaustive. There may be a third alternative: reasoning . That is, deducing the (not previously noticed) consequences of what you previously knew....
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This note was uploaded on 11/14/2011 for the course PHI PHI2010 taught by Professor Jorgerigol during the Fall '09 term at Broward College.

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