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Unformatted text preview: elements: Pleasant earth in her well made crucibles obtained two parts of bright Nestis out of the eight, and four of Hephaestus, and white bones came into being, fitted together divinely by the glues of Harmonia. ( 42 =B96) This gives us a kind of primitive chemistry with obvious Pythagorean overtones: Bone = 2 W + 4 F + 2 E Were told there are 8 parts in all, that some of them are earth, that 2 are Nestis (water) and 4 are Hephaestus (fire). So we solve for E : E = 8 - (2 + 4) = 8 - 6 = 2 The formulas Empedocles gives (like the one above for bone) are reductionistic in character. Entities in common sense ontology are reduced to (complexes of) the four elements -the only genuine entities in Empedocles ontology....
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- Fall '09