The Pluralists - claimed that there was empty space-a void...

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The Pluralists 1. Parmenides’ successors seemed to be concerned with these five central Parmenidean doctrines: 1. Monism: there is no plurality . 2. There is no motion . 3. There is no generation or destruction . 4. There is no qualitative change or differentiation . 5. There is no void . 2. All of the pluralistic responses to Parmenides (Empedocles, Anaxagoras, and the Atomists) were influenced by him, but rejected his extreme monism. They sought to reconcile, as much as possible, Parmenideanism with common sense. 3. They all disagreed with Parmenides about (1) and (2): all maintained plurality and motion. But they all accepted (3): there is no coming into existence or ceasing to exist. Where they differ among themselves is over (4) and (5): the reality of qualitative differences and the existence of the void. 4. Empedocles and Anaxagoras broke ranks with Parmenides over (4), but toed the line on (5). The atomists agreed with Parmenides that there is no genuine qualitative change, but
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Unformatted text preview: claimed that there was empty space -a void. These points are all summarized in the table below: Pluralists’ Scorecard Parmenides Empedocles & Anaxagoras The Atomists Leucippus & Democritus Plurality + + Motion + + Generation & Destruction Qualitative Difference & Change + ? Void + 5. It is also instructive to compare the ways different pluralists responded to Zeno. Zeno’s argument against plurality makes this explicit assumption: a. Whatever has size has parts. It also assumes implicitly (as we saw) that: b. There is a smallest size part. Here’s how two pluralists, Anaxagoras and Democritus, responded. Anaxagoras Accepts (a), but denies (b): “Of the small, there is no smallest,” he says. Democritus Accepts (b), but denies (a): Atoms have size, but don’t have parts (cf. 11 =A13)....
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This note was uploaded on 11/14/2011 for the course PHI PHI2010 taught by Professor Jorgerigol during the Fall '09 term at Broward College.

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The Pluralists - claimed that there was empty space-a void...

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