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2 Stages of Processing

2 Stages of Processing - of a category rather than an...

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2 Stages of Processing: 1. Process all features of subject with predicate; comparison of  characteristic features . if low similarity between features --> respond 'false' if high similarity between features --> respond 'true' if intermediate similarity, Stage 2 processing 2. Create comparison question; comparison of  defining features . A bat is a bird --> a bat is a mammal; is a bird a mammal? A chicken is a bird. -->  does not fly, does chicken have feathers? takes more time to respond Research FOR Feature Comparison Model: typicality effect : A carrot is a vegetable. A rutabaga is a vegetable. we make faster sentence verification decisions when an item is a typical member 
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Unformatted text preview: of a category, rather than an unusual member • WHY? high similarity between features allows for Stage 1 processing only for 'A carrot is a vegetable'; Stage 1 and Stage 2 processing is necessary for 'A rutabaga is a vegetable' • Research AGAINST Feature Comparison Model: • category size effect : A poodle is a dog. A squirrel is an animal. • we make faster sentence verification decisions when an item is a member of a small category • small categories contain more defining features; therefore, FC model would predict that there should be more Stage 2 processing for small categories and thus longer RTs...
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2 Stages of Processing - of a category rather than an...

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