Basic Principles

Basic Principles - There are several different ways...

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Basic Principles: a) Acquisition - formation of a new CR tendency. This means that when an organism learns something new, it has been "acquired". Pavlov believed in contiguity - temporal association between two events that occur closely together in time. The more closely in time two events occurred, the more likely they were to become associated; s time passes, association becomes less likely. For example, when people are house training a dog -- you notice that the dog went to the bathroom on the rug,. If the dog had the accident hours ago, it will not do any good to scold the dog because too much time has passed for the dog to associate your scolding with the accident. But, if you catch the dog right after the accident occurred, it is more likely to become associated with the accident.
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Unformatted text preview: There are several different ways conditioning can occur -- order that the stimulus-response can occur: 1. delayed conditioning (forward) - the CS is presented before the US and it (CS) stays on until the US is presented. This is generally the best, especially when the delay is short. example - a bell begins to ring and continues to ring until food is presented. 2. trace conditioning -discrete event is presented, then the US occurs. Shorter the interval the better, but as you can tell, this approach is not very effective. example - a bell begins ringing and ends just before the food is presented. 3. simultaneous conditioning -CS and US presented together. Not very good. example - the bell begins to ring at the same time the food is presented. Both begin, continue, and...
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