Behavior Therapy

Behavior Therapy - person who learned to be afraid of...

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Behavior Therapy Behavior therapy applies Skinnerian and/or Pavlovian conditioning to treat maladaptive behaviors. The primary goal is to change unwanted behavior and solve the problem. ...NOT get insight into the causes or underlying foundation of the problem. 1. Assumptions: a) behavior is the product of learning (past conditioning). If a person is engaging in some maladaptive behavior (like smoking) then they had to learn that behavior somewhere along the way. b) what has been learned can be unlearned. If a person learned to smoke all the time, they can unlearn to smoke all the time. 2. Systematic Desensitization (founded by Wolpe): The premise of systematic desensitization is to reduce the client's anxiety responses through counterconditioning; a
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Unformatted text preview: person who learned to be afraid of something is associating fear with that object or behavior, and the way to eliminate this is to teach the person to associate feelings of relaxation with the object or behavior. This approach is based on conditioning relaxation with feared object, object of anxiety. Let's look at an example: a) the fear - fear of dating women b) the client is asked to create a hierarchy of anxiety (what makes the client afraid, from least fear producing to most fear producing). 1) sitting next to a woman in class (least) 2) talking to a woman in class 3) walking with a woman on campus 4) calling a woman on the phone 5) eating a meal with a woman 6) going out on a date with a woman (most)...
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