But rather than thinking that this cuts against empirical research

But rather than thinking that this cuts against empirical research

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But rather than thinking that this cuts against empirical research, this is the first place that it can help. Compare even color. Ideal observers and standard conditions are discovered empirically. A second and greater worry concerns whether responses other than judgments are relevant, especially since these responses might pull in different directions to the judgments. This is so even for linguistics. There is the performance/competence distinction, where one tends to favor judgments; but also cases where one favors performance: Since 1972 we have collected 12 cases of speakers who use positive anymore quite freely though their introspective judgments were entirely negative. Faced with a sentence like John is smoking a lot anymore they said they had never heard it before, did not recognize it as English, thought it might mean ‘not smoking’, and showed the same signs of bewilderment that we get from Northern speakers outside the
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Unformatted text preview: dialect area. This describes the behavior of Jack Greenberg, a 58-year-old builder raised in West Philadelphia. His introspective reactions were so convincing that we felt at first that we had to accept them as valid descriptions of his grammar. Yet two weeks later, he was overheard to say to a plumber, “Do you know what’s a lousy show anymore? Johnny Carson.” (Labov, What is a Linguistic Fact (1975), pp. 34-5) So for linguistics we have to choose between people’s beliefs about what is grammatical, and their actual linguistic behavior. For ethics there are even more possibilities: what you judge is right under imaginary conditions; what you judge that you would do under imaginary conditions; what you judge is right under real conditions; what you judge that you will do under real conditions; what you actually do under real conditions;...
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This note was uploaded on 11/14/2011 for the course PSY PSY2012 taught by Professor Scheff during the Fall '09 term at Broward College.

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