Child Psychology

Child Psychology - happening all of the time. In addition,...

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Child Psychology (Birth - Adolescence) Definition: Developmental Psychology is the study of how individuals become more advanced and effective as they age, and focuses on the process of BECOMING (how people become who and what they are) as opposed to BEING (the current state of who and what people are) What is Development? sequence of age-related changes that occur as a person progresses from conception to death. We go through different types of changes: physical development - motor skills, bone structure, weight, etc. cognitive development - thought patterns and skills, problem solving, etc. social development - emotional changes, personality, etc. The Developmental Psychologist does the following: Examines past experiences and influences in order to understand current behavior. Uses current behavior to predict future behavior. Who we are is assumed to be a function of past experiences. Development begins long before the child is born. From conception, there are changes
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Unformatted text preview: happening all of the time. In addition, many factors influence how the child develops before birth - in fact, I am often find myself thinking how amazing it is that ANY child is born healthy. One major influence, is MATERNAL HEALTH. Maternal Health Maternal Drug Taking although most Introductory Psychology books mention (only briefly) the effects of drugs on prenatal development, they fail to mention Fetal Alcohol Syndrome which affects 1 out of every 750 children born in the U.S. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome-- a 1991 study found that mothers who consumed just 1 alcoholic beverage a day during pregnancy (and assuming these are drinks that contain moderate alcohol levels per drink), had children who scored lower on IQ tests at age 4 than children whose mothers did not drink. Even when environmental factors were accounted for, IQ scores were still lower....
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