Classical Conditioning Classical Conditioning can be defined as a type of learning in which a stimulus acquires the capacity to evoke a reflexiveresponse that was originally evoked by a different stimulus. A. Ivan Pavlov - Russian physiologist interested in behavior (digestion). 1) Pavlov was studying salivation in dogs - he was measuring the amount of salivation produced by the salivary glands of dogs by presenting them meat powder through a food dispenser. The dispenser would deliver the meat powder to which the animals salivated. However, what Pavlov noticed was that the food dispenser made a sound when delivering the powder, and that the dogs salivated before the powder was delivered. He realized that the dogs associated the sound (which occurred seconds before the powder actually arrived) with the delivery of the food. Thus, the dogs had "learned" that when the sound occurred, the meat powder was going to arrive. This is conditioning (Stimulus-Response; S-R Bonds). The stimulus (sound of food dispenser) produced a response
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This note was uploaded on 11/14/2011 for the course PSY PSY2012 taught by Professor Scheff during the Fall '09 term at Broward College.