Early social influences

Early social influences - the next stage of cognitive...

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Early social influences at approximately age 6-10, children begin to expand their social contacts beyond family and friends. They may become members of clubs or groups at school, play on sports teams, etc. Also, they begin to experience pressure from peers and observe how others act and how they should act. This is the time during which that drive to be like others begins to pick up steam (bring a certain toy to school because everyone else has one). They need to feel ACCEPTED by peers to develop confidence. B. Jean Piaget (Cognitive Development) One of the most important Figures in Psychological understanding of Childhood development in Jean Piaget. Let's take a look at some of his work and influences. His theories of cognitive development is a "stage theory" in that in each stage of development, children are faced with challenging situations which must deal with and overcome through increased mental abilities. Once the challenge is successfully dealt in that stage, the children can move on to
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Unformatted text preview: the next stage of cognitive development. There are several key components of Piaget's theory of cognitive development: 1) Schemas mental models that incorporate characteristics of people, places, objects, etc., that the child uses to complete a series of actions (ex. - to stand, an infant may have to reach up, grab side of crib, hold firmly, etc.). These schemas are adaptable to our lives. ..as we age and change so do the schemas by two processes: a) assimilation- incorporate new information with previous schemas. b) accommodation- alter an existing schema to compensate for new information. 2) Stages of Piagetian Development a) Sensorimotor- ages 0-2. Stage is marked by infant's increasing ability to organize and coordinate sensations and perceptions with their actions. 1. Object Permanence- most significant accomplishment during this stage - approx. 8 months old, infant acquires the ability to understand that objects that are out of sight still exist....
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