Forms of Intelligence

Forms of Intelligence - c) contextual intelligence- ability...

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Forms of Intelligence 1) Basic approach: verbal and math 2) Sternberg's Triarchic theory of intelligence Sternberg performed poorly on IQ tests as a child and suffered from severe test anxiety. Yet he was able to become a successful cognitive psychologist and a leader in the field of intelligence. This was a major influence in his belief that intelligence was much more than those abilities measured by traditional intelligence tests. He and colleagues wanted to know what the "lay person" though intelligence was so they interviewed many people. Most people indicated that intelligent people have good verbal skills, problem-solving skills, and social judgment. Thus, he developed the Triarchic theory which is comprised of the following: a) componential intelligence - reflects our information-processing abilities. This is similar to traditional intelligence tests. b) experiential intelligenc e - ability to combine different experiences in insightful ways to solve novel problems. Reflects creativity.
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Unformatted text preview: c) contextual intelligence- ability to function in practical, everyday social situations. Reflects "street smarts". Sternberg recognized that situations may call for one type or a combination of all three, and that each can be improved through training. D. IQ Controversies 3) Questions to consider a) What does the IQ Test Measure? Intelligence? e.g., the California Legislature has twice voted to prohibit group testing in schools on the grounds their effect is to limit the quality of education given to minority students. Many experts have gone on record as opposing IQ tests as invalid, easily altered by special coaching, and monopolizing the testing industry. Intelligence ----> IQ score Intelligence + Other Factors -----> IQ score b) Are IQ tests Valid (fair)?-why is there a difference between groups on the IQ test? c) Is Intelligence Genetically determined Nurture Nature-learning -instinct -experience -innate determinant -flexible -inflexible, wired in -acquired -genetic...
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