Goals of the Scientific Method

Goals of the Scientific Method - 2) Prediction- here we...

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Goals of the Scientific Method Describe, Predict, Select Method, Control, Collect Data, Analyze, Explanation 1) Description - the citing of the observable characteristics of an event, object, or individual. Helps us to be systematic and consistent. This stage sets the stage for more formal stages - here we acquire our topic of study and begin to transform it from a general concept or idea into a specific, testable construct. a) Operational Definitions - the definition of behaviors or qualities in terms of how they are to be measured. Some books define it as the description of . .. the actions or operations that will be made to measure or control a variable. Examples: How can you define "life change"? One possibility is the score on the Social Readjustment Rating Scale. How do you define obesity, abnormality, etc. in a way that is testable and falsifiable?
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Unformatted text preview: 2) Prediction- here we formulate testable predictions or HYPOTHESES about behavior (specifically, about our variables). Thus, we may define a hypothesis as a tentative statement about the relationship between two or more variables. For example, one may hypothesize that as alcohol consumption increases driving ability decreases. Hypotheses are usually based on THEORIES - statements which summarize and explain research findings. 3) Select Methodology & Design- chose the most appropriate research strategy for empirically addressing your hypotheses. 4) Control- method of eliminating all unwanted factors that may effect what we are attempting to study (we will address in more detail later)....
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This note was uploaded on 11/14/2011 for the course PSY PSY2012 taught by Professor Scheff during the Fall '09 term at Broward College.

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