Intelligence Testing Historical Development1) Alfred Binet Charged by the Minister of Public Instruction in Paris to develop a method of detecting "defective" children who could then be given special instructionsAlthough he toyed with the idea of developing a physiological measure, he ended up with a test he called "aptitude for academic achievement"this test was designed to be relevant in academic settings Simple procedures used identified behaviors for each age (important - this test was age specific - also known as the "age-standard method"). This made it possible to establish range of normality ("norms"), then checked to see if the child/person possessed these abilities a) 3 years: show eyes, nose, mouth, name objects in a picture, repeat figures, repeat a sentence of 6 syllables, give last name b) 5 years: compare 2 boxes of different weights, copy a square, repeat a sentence of 10 syllables, put together 2 pieces of a game c) 7 years: indicate omissions in drawings, copy a written sentence, copy a triangle and a
This is the end of the preview.
access the rest of the document.
Intelligence quotient, Decimal, William Stern, Alfred Binet, Lewis Terman