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Models of Memory - echoic memory Short-Term Memory(STM...

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Models of Memory Memory: maintaining information over time (Matlin, 1998) the mental processes of acquiring and retaining information for later retrieval (Ashcraft, 1994) Four Approaches to the Study of Memory Atkinson-Shiffrin Model (1968) Levels of Processing Approach Tulving's Model Parallel Distributed Processing Approach Atkinson-Shiffrin Multistore Model (1968) Structural Features: Sensory Memory iconic memory
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Unformatted text preview: echoic memory Short-Term Memory (STM) verbal info is encoding acoustically duration = 30 s (unless rehearsed) Long-Term Memory (LTM) relatively permanent store info is encoded semantically Control Processes: Maintenance Rehearsal in STM --> LTM verbal repetition (it's acoustic ) Elaborative Rehearsal in STM --> LTM meaningful repetition (it's semantic ) [Craik & Lockhart, 1972]...
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