Schemas and Memory Abstraction and Integration

Schemas and Memory Abstraction and Integration - which they...

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Schemas and Memory Abstraction and Integration: LAB DEMO: Bransford and Franks (1971) memory abstraction: cognitive process by which we store the meaning of a message and not the exact  wording and grammatical structure constructed four-fact sentences, and broke them down into smaller sentences: 4 - The ants in the kitchen ate the sweet jelly that was on the table. 3 - The ants in the kitchen ate the sweet jelly 2 - The ants in the kitchen ate the jelly. 1 - The jelly was sweet. Acquisition:  Ss heard 1-, 2-, and 3-fact sentences only Test:  Ss heard 1-, 2-, 3-, 4-fact sentences (most of which were never presented)  and noncase sentences Results:  the more facts in the sentences, the more likely Ss would judge them as  old and with higher confidence why were Ss consistenly more likely to believe they heard the whole story -- 
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Unformatted text preview: which they had not -- than the simpler sentences -- which they had heard? the mind's search for meaning -- when presented with a random series of statements, the mind tries to put them together in a way that tells a meaningful, coherent story rather than finding verbatim memory, B & F found memory for meaning or memory based on abstraction of meaning from memory and the semantic integration of related material because the 4-fact sentences most closely match the full meaning of the sentence stories in memory, Ss were most confident of having heard them before Constructive Model: we integrate info from individual sentences in order to construct larger ideas; emphasizes the active nature of our cognitive processes...
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This note was uploaded on 11/14/2011 for the course PSY PSY2012 taught by Professor Scheff during the Fall '09 term at Broward College.

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Schemas and Memory Abstraction and Integration - which they...

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